Tips to avoid foot complications
- Avoid extreme temperatures to the bottoms of your feet. Protect them from hot and cold temperatures.Always test the water before putting your feet in it just as you would before bathing a baby. Never use hot water bottles, heating pads, or electric blankets. You can burn your feet without realizing it
- Avoid crossing your legs. When seated, wiggle your toes and move your feet around. Elevate feet when sitting if you are prone to swelling of the feet and ankles.
- Seek the assistance of a podiatrist or foot care specialist if you develop corns, calluses, ingrown nails or other worrisome foot care related issues.
- Most importantly, take care of your diabetes. Work with your healthcare team to keep your blood glucose within target range, and keep your A1c within normal limits.
- Avoid smoking, as smoking increases the risk of long term complications.
- Make checking your feet part of your daily routine. Setting aside a small amount of time each day to properly check out your feet is a must.
- Check your feet daily, look for any redness, swelling, blisters, cuts, or soreness. If you can’t see the bottom of your feet, use a mirror or ask someone to help.
- Wash your feet daily. Dry them thoroughly, especially between the toes.
- Walk frequently, and be more active. Speak to your healthcare team about the proper amount of exercise.
- Have your toenails trimmed by a professional unless you can adequately see and reach them. If you can see and reach your toenails, trim them when needed straight across without cutting them too short. File the edges with an emery board or nail file.
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